/50

Physiology Test (Part 1)

Please Enter Your Details!

1) Where in the kidney is the majority of Bicarbonate reabsorbed

2) Which of the following is a primary site of Prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) production?

3) Dilatation of the uterine cervix at parturition is primarily achieved by:

4) Regarding blood volume in pregnancy which of the following statements is TRUE?

5) What is the average lifespan of a basophil (white blood cell)?

6) Which of the following hormones inhibits Galactopoiesis and Lactogenesis postpartum?

7) Regarding the use of Erythropoietin (recombinant human erythropoietin AKA rHuEPO) in pregnancy which of the following statements is correct ?

8) Lactogenesis at term is stimulated by which hormone?

9) What is the primary form of haemoglobin in a 18 week old foetus?

10) What is the primary form of haemoglobin in a 6 week old foetus?

11) You review a patient who is 34 weeks pregnant. She complains of gradually worsening itching over the past 6 weeks particularly to the hands and feet which is worse at night. You order some bloods. Which of the following would you normally expect to increase in the 3rd  trimester?

12) A 52 year old patient attends clinic for the results of her bone density scan. Her T‐score is ‐2.2. She tells you she has previously fractured her 5th metatarsal and patella following a fall from a bike. You diagnose her as:

13) During pregnancy which hormone(s) inhibit lactogenesis?

14) Several mechanisms have been proposed as to what causes closure of the Ductus Arteriosus (DA) at Parturition. Which of the following is the most important in maintaining the patency of the DA during pregnancy?

15) In the earliest phase of wound healing platelets are held together by what?

16) Regarding heart rate in pregnancy which of the following statements is true?

17) In the 3rd trimester anaemia is defined by?

18) Cardiac output is calculated by

19) According to the UK food standards agency which of the following RDIs (recommended daily intake) is 3 times higher in pregnancy than the non‐pregnant state?

20) During wound healing the clotting cascade is activated. Which of the following activates the extrinsic pathway?

21) What is the typical peak change in oxygen consumption in a pregnant vs a non‐pregnant women?

22) Angiogenesis and collagen deposition are features of which stage of wound healing?

23) At what gestation does the fetus typically start swallowing?

24) Which structure is the primary mechanism for shunting blood away from the fetal pulmonary circulation?

25) A patient asks you how long it will be before her C‐section wound is "at full strength." What is the typical time taken for wounds closed by primary intention to reach full tensile strength?

26) During wound healing the clotting cascade is activated. Which of the following activates the intrinsic pathway?

27) You review a 58 year old patient in clinic. She asks what the results of her recent DEXA scan are. You note her hip BMD hip T‐score is ‐1.4. You note she has a history of olecranon fracture 4 years ago. What is her classification according to WHO criteria?

28) Oxytocin causes increased myometrial contractions via which of the following messenger pathways?

29) What is the typical volume increase from a non‐pregnant to term uterus?

30) Which of the following tests is used to detect antibodies or complement bound to red blood cell antigens in vivo?

31) Where in the kidney is the majority of Sodium and Glucose reabsorbed

32) During wound healing collagen alignment along tension lines is part of which phase?

33) Regarding the closure of the ductus arteriosus (DA) after birth which of the following most accurately describes the mechanisms leading to closure of the DA?

34) Following parturition uterine contractions called Afterpains may typically continue for how long?

35) Which of the following is a potent stimulator of Aldosterone

36) Which of the following is the primary stimulator of uterine involution following child birth??

37) Which of the following statements regarding thyroid function testing in pregnancy is true?

38) Regarding cardiac examination during pregnancy which of the following findings should be considered pathological

39) Where in the kidney is the majority of Bicarbonate reabsorbed

40) Which of the following lung function values is unchanged in pregnancy?

41) What percentage of haemoglobin is HbF in the newborn?

42) Pregnant patients are at higher risk of thromboembolism due to a hypercoaguable state. Which of the following clotting factors reduces during pregnancy?

43) At what gestational age does the luteo‐placental shift occur?

44) What is the typical weight of a non‐pregnant premenopausal uterus?

45) During pregnancy the GFR changes as follows:

46) When using the MDRD formula to calculate GFR (Glomerular filtration rate) which of the following is not factored into the equation?

47) The amniotic fluid volume peaks at around 900ml. At what gestation does the amniotic fluid reach its maximum volume?

48) What is the typical oxygen consumption in a 75kg non‐pregnant women?

49) Placental production of hPL, hCG, Oestragen and Progesterone are examples of which type of mechanism

50) During wound healing the clotting cascade is activated. Which of the following activates the extrinsic pathway?

Your score is

0%